Selam Amba Ethiopia, Integrated Livelihood Improvement

Selam Amba Ethiopia, Integrated Livelihood Improvement


This project aims to contribute to the reduction of HIV&AIDS transmission and mitigate its impact through awareness raising, care & support and improving the livelihoods of OVC, their guardians and youth in Addis Ababa. 50 OVC and their guardians will groups in SHGs, receive business skills training. Voluntary Testing and Counselling will be provided in the community.

Project details

Time frame
01 May 2016 - 30 April 2019
€ 80,000
Active in


Specific objectives:
- To improve the health condition of 50 OVC, 20 youths and 30 guardians by 80% from the baseline through coordination, care and support programs by the end of 2018
- To enhance the academic performance and reduce school dropout by 90% from the baseline among 50 OVC by the end of 2018
- To improve the livelihood of 50 OVC, 20 unemployed youths and 30 guardians by 70% from the baseline through sustainable income generating activities, SHG scheme and vocational skill training programs by the end of 2018.
- To reduce the extent of stigma and discrimination, HIV and AIDS transmission and exposure to Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among 10,000 families by 70% from the baseline through awareness creation/raising by the end of 2018
- To enhance the capacity of CBOs, GOs, FBOS, community leaders and beneficiaries mobilize resources locally by the end of 2018

Result 1: Improved health condition of target OVC and guardians
Result 2: Improved educational status of target OVC
Result 3: Improved livelihood of older OVC, their guardians and unemployed youths through sustainable income in IGA, vocational skill training and SHG programs
Result 4: Increased awareness on HIV&AIDS and other STIs among target beneficiaries and community members
Result 5: Enhanced the capacity of CBOs, GOs, FBOS, community leaders and beneficiaries mobilize resources locally

Community groups

A total of 50 OVC and 30 OVC’s guardians and 20 unemployed youth are planned to be supported throughout the project period.


Ethiopia has one of the largest populations of orphans in the world with nearly half of the children having lost at least one of their parents: total AIDS orphans are 792,840. In addition to this, Bole Sub city has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in Addis Ababa and despite being the central part of the city it has been lacking services available to assist children and youths affected with HIV & AIDS. Fulfilling these conditions in the target area is challenging while significant segment of the population live below poverty line. In such situations, the fate of OVC is obvious; they lack parental love, which would have been very crucial for their psychosocial development. They do not have access to basic needs like food, clothing, education and shelter. Their access to health care is very limited, which already is not readily accessible to the general population. Moreover, their future is largely darkened by lack of proper education. The situation in the target areas/villages are even worse as this city is growing and there are large numbers of OVC migrating from the nearby regions. In addition to this, the high traffic movement and fast growing urbanization has exposed the target area to high HIV&AIDS infection. As many studies revealed it, the number of OVC increases in areas where there is high HIV&AIDS prevalence.

HIV was first detected in Ethiopia in 1984. In 1986, the first two AIDS cases were reported. There are many factors that promote the spread of the disease including gender inequality, multiple sexual partners, prostitution, alcohol and substance abuse, unsafe blood transfusion and mother-to-child transmissions. According to the 2013 EHNRI/FMOH single point estimation, 1.2 percent of Ethiopians age 15-49 are HIV-positive. This means that about one million Ethiopians have HIV. Women are twice as likely as men to be infected with HIV— 1.7 percent of women are HIV-positive compared to 0.9 percent of men. Women and men living in urban areas are at especially high risk; 5.2 percent of adults in urban areas is HIV positive, while less than 1 percent of rural residents age 15-49 are HIV infected.

HIV&AIDS is now one of the major causes for the deaths among the young and productive segment of the Ethiopian population. The National HIV&AIDS Program at the Ministry of Health estimates that 88% of all new infections in Ethiopia are resulted from heterosexual transmission. Thus, the practice of unsafe multiple sexual contacts, like no condom use, is the biggest risk factor for HIV transmission. The presence of sexually transmitted disease (STD) can also increase the risk of acquiring an HIV infection. A study done among patients of STD clinics in Addis Ababa showed that 30-40% of them were infected with AIDS. This is more than three times the prevalence of HIV infections among the general urban population.

The leading challenges which compromises the livelihood of Ethiopian people are related to: the high level of poverty that poses a threat to the health and well-being of millions in the country, the low socio-economic status of women that endangers their health and the health of their offspring, the rapid population increase that the country is experiencing and the HIV&AIDS epidemic that presents additional challenge to the health sector. uses cookies to offer the best website experience possible and to anonymously analyze website behaviour. More information.